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THE COERCIVE POWER OF THE STATE AND ITS RELEVANCE IN MODERN DEMOCRACY

THE COERCIVE POWER OF THE STATE AND ITS RELEVANCE IN MODERN DEMOCRACY SAURABH KUMAR, Student, LLM, Criminal Law At Chanakya National Law University, Mithapur , Patna (Bihar). Download Manuscript ABSTRACT The interplay between the coercive power of the state and the principle of democracy presents a nuanced and complex dynamic, particularly in the context of modern democracies like India. This abstract explores the relevance of coercive power in safeguarding national security while upholding democratic values, focusing on India’s intricate socio-political landscape. In India, a diverse and vibrant democracy, the state’s exercise of coercive power often intersects with the imperatives of national security. This abstract delves into the multifaceted relationship between coercive power and national security, analyzing the theoretical justifications, practical implications, and ethical considerations inherent in the Indian context. It examines historical events and contemporary challenges, shedding light on how the state’s coercive measures have shaped India’s security policies and democratic ethos. The abstract emphasizes the delicate balance required to reconcile the state’s security imperatives with the preservation of individual rights and democratic principles. It explores the challenges faced by India in navigating this balance, including the impact of conflicts, insurgencies, and terrorist threats on civil liberties. Additionally, it highlights the role of oversight mechanisms, judicial review, and legislative checks in ensuring accountability and transparency in the exercise of coercive power. Through case studies and analysis, the abstract underscores India’s ongoing efforts to adapt its legal and policy frameworks to address emerging security threats while safeguarding democratic values. It discusses key milestones in India’s history, such as the Emergency in 1975 and the 2008 Mumbai attacks, to illustrate the complexities of balancing security and liberty. Moreover, it explores contemporary issues such as internet shutdowns and data privacy concerns in the digital age, reflecting India’s evolving approach to coercive power in a dynamic socio-political landscape. Type Information Research Paper LawFoyer International Journal of Doctrinal Legal Research, Volume I, Issue IV, Page 377-394. Creative Commons Copyright This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Copyright © LIJDLR 2024

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UNRAVELING THE IMPACT OF DEEPFAKES ON INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT THROUGH THE LENS OF INFORMATION WARFARE: AN ANALYSIS

UNRAVELING THE IMPACT OF DEEPFAKES ON INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT THROUGH THE LENS OF INFORMATION WARFARE: AN ANALYSIS Shraddha Tiwari, Student at Christ University. Download Manuscript ABSTRACT The emergence of deepfake technology in modern international context poses unprecedented threats to conventional frameworks for truth and originality. This legal paper on deepfake emphasizes the wide range of consequences that this phenomenon has not only concerning international agreements, diplomatic relations and security arrangements but also with respect to interrelations among states. Through revealing the history of deepfake development, this paper emphasizes its revolutionary effect on world affairs and especially for a part as an effective tool in the information warfare armory. The study conducts a critical analysis of international conventions, including the Geneva Conventions and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to evaluate their effectiveness in dealing with threats posed by deepfakes. Common examples of the key problems in contemporary legal frameworks are highlighted through case studies that present high-profile incidents such as The Pelosi Video Controversy, Navalny Poisoning Deepfake and EU Diplomatic Summit Incident drawing attention to a specialized approach needed for addressing deepfakes technology. The paper makes policy recommendations, suggesting the necessary amendments to existing treaties and new international agreements targeted at emerging technologies. Cultural specifics for India, the United States of America and Great Britain are discussed, pointing out an importance that ethics and human rights issues have in the formation of legal framework. The recommendations attempt to simultaneously achieve the efficacy of legal measures enabling a fight against threats posed by deepfake and maintain individual rights for freedoms while respecting democratic values. The paper discusses the necessity of international cooperation and also predicts the continuous evolution of deepfake, the challenges in forming a legal framework for the same and its execution both at national and Global level. It focuses on the variegated field of AI surveillance, analyzing its security impacts, scope opportunities as well as challenges in connection with international relations perspective. With the world’s security framework adopting AI surveillance, this study offers a critical analysis of legal and ethical aspects surrounding its implementation. Special attention is given to the new role of technology companies, in which technological advancements need to be balanced with legal safeguards and ethical norms. The paper seeks to contribute ongoing discourses by unpacking the complex balance between AI surveillance, security pressures and responsibilities of critical actors in the digital era. The policy recommendations advocated by the author are essentially for legislative amendments in India’s Information Technology Act, inclusion of deepfake related offenses in the legal system. Moreover, international collaboration is proposed through a Global Cybersecurity Agreement and a Transparency and Attribution Accords. Incorporation of human rights and ethics into policy frameworks to address the challenges posed by deepfake technology among countries and globally. The author concludes the paper by emphasizing the need for urgent and proactive measures to adopt international treaties and prevent information warfare and international conflicts among the countries in the near future. Type Information Research Paper LawFoyer International Journal of Doctrinal Legal Research, Volume I, Issue IV, Page 363-376. Creative Commons Copyright This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Copyright © LIJDLR 2024

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THE COLLEGIUM VS NJAC DEBATE: ANALYZING INDIA’S JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT SYSTEMS

THE COLLEGIUM VS NJAC DEBATE: ANALYZING INDIA’S JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT SYSTEMS Tanya Gupta, Author is a 3rd year Law student of BBA LL.B. at Amity University, Jaipur, Rajasthan. Download Manuscript ABSTRACT The Judiciary must be encouraged to find ways and means to regulate its own affairs – consistent with the spirit of the Constitution. – Former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh. The conflict over judicial appointments in India is a longstanding issue. The original constitutional provision stated that the President appoints judges in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and other judges. However, this system evolved into the collegium system, criticized for its lack of transparency and perceived nepotism. The National Judicial Appointment Commission Act, 2014, aimed to replace the collegium with a more transparent system but was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court a year after implementation. This article will analyze the historical evolution of judicial appointments in India, highlighting the issues that have emerged. It will then compare the Indian and American judicial appointment systems. Finally, the article will provide suggestions to enhance the judicial appointment process. Type Information Research Paper LawFoyer International Journal of Doctrinal Legal Research, Volume I, Issue III, Page 185- 194. Creative Commons Copyright This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Copyright © LIJDLR 2023 Recent content THE COLLEGIUM VS NJAC DEBATE: ANALYZING INDIA’S JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT SYSTEMS ROLE OF INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR IN CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Water Rights And Climate Change: An Analysis Of Transboundary Water Conflicts Amidst Environmental Challenges In The Indus Region With Specific Reference To The Indus Waters Treaty Of 1960 Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism In India: Limitations And Recommendations Parallel Paths: Analysing The Overlapping Jurisdiction Of Cci And Sectoral Regulators In India CONTEMPORARY CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES IN INDIA : AN ANALYSIS OF KEY ISSUES

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