Ankur Mishra, LL.M. Student, Amity Law School, Lucknow.


This paper delves into the contentious debate surrounding the categorization of internet access as a fundamental human right. It explores the origins of this discourse, tracing its evolution from a primarily conceptual debate to a practical policy issue with significant legal and social implications. Drawing on a diverse range of academic literature, legal documents, and real-world examples, the paper analyzes the arguments both in favor of and against recognizing internet access as a fundamental right. It examines the potential benefits and challenges associated with such recognition, considering factors such as economic development, social inclusion, and the protection of individual freedoms. Furthermore, the paper investigates the role of governments, international organizations, and technology companies in shaping the discourse and influencing policy outcomes. Through a nuanced examination of the complexities involved, this paper aims to contribute to a more informed and nuanced understanding of the ongoing debate surrounding the right to internet access.

The debate over whether internet access should be acknowledged as a fundamental human right has ignited vigorous discussions among scholars, policymakers, and activists globally. This paper delves deeply into this contentious topic, exploring its theoretical underpinnings, practical consequences, and socio-political intricacies. Through an analysis of diverse perspectives, case studies, and legal frameworks, the paper strives to offer a thorough grasp of the complexities and potential benefits involved in establishing internet access as a fundamental right..

This paper offers a critical examination of the concept of internet access as a fundamental human right. It explores the global discourse surrounding this issue, analyzing its theoretical foundations and practical implications. Using an interdisciplinary approach that incorporates legal, ethical, and technological perspectives, the paper questions the assumption that internet access should universally be considered a fundamental right. Through the analysis of case studies and existing legal frameworks, it assesses the complexities and limitations associated with recognizing internet access as a fundamental right, including considerations of feasibility, prioritization, and potential unintended consequences. Ultimately, the paper argues that while internet access is crucial for societal participation today, labeling it as a fundamental right could oversimplify the issue, leading to unrealistic expectations and insufficient policy responses.