Vinita Kumari, student of LL.M., Chanakya National Law University, Patna


Jurisdictional immunity, a crucial concept in private international law, determines how much a state or its representatives can be held accountable by foreign tribunals. This concept is crucial in contemporary legal systems due to increased international trade, national interdependence, and cross-border conflicts. Jurisdictional immunity is a legal doctrine that exempts a state or its representatives from foreign court jurisdiction. This concept has been explored in private international law, revealing various aspects that contribute to its definition. Diplomatic immunity is essential for promoting international relations and allowing ambassadors to carry out their diplomatic duties without fear of legal repercussions. Sovereign immunity controls the immunity of governments and their representatives in various roles, including both state and diplomatic immunity.

The researcher has found that human rights considerations highlight possible inconsistencies between the pursuit of justice and immunity claims. The issue of access to justice has become a crucial problem, since those seeking redress may encounter severe obstacles due to jurisdictional immunity.

In this research paper, the author has identified the complex relationship between commercial transactions and immunity claims in the context of international trade and commerce, which may have implications for international business relations. The complex relationship between commercial transactions and immunity claims in global trade and commerce is crucial for international business relations. Future trends in jurisdictional immunity will be shaped by technological advancements, legislative reforms, and debates over state sovereignty and global governance.